The major causes for the uprising had been the imposition of new taxes, the tenth penny, and the religious persecution of Protestants by the newly launched Inquisition. The revolt escalated into the Eighty Years’ War, which in the end led to Dutch independence. Strongly pushed by Dutch Revolt chief William the Silent, the Dutch Republic turned known for its relative religious tolerance. Jews from the Iberian Peninsula, Huguenots from France, prosperous retailers and printers from Flanders, and economic and religious refugees from the Spanish-controlled parts of the Low Countries found safety in Amsterdam. The inflow of Flemish printers and the city’s mental tolerance made Amsterdam a centre for the European free press. A major turning level in the improvement of the Amstel river mouth is the All Saint’s Flood of 1170.
This personal info should have been stolen in nonencrypted and nonredacted form. A California resident is a pure one … Read More